Types of CBD Oil Products
Today we can find many different CBD products in many different formats and sizes. Most products come in a variety of potency, flavors and brands.
See below some examples of CBD/Hemp Products:
Water Soluble Powder
Water Soluble Liquids
Coffee and Teas
Manufacturing of Hemp products comes in a wide range with more always in development. Products on the market currently come from many sources. The manufacturing option available range from custom formulation to direct white label and private labeling.
CBD Oil Manufacturing Services
Hemp Ingredient Manufacturing
Hemp Product Ingredient Formulation
Hemp Product Private Label Manufacturing
Hemp Product White Label Manufacturing
Clinical Cannabinoid Trials
Pisanti et al (2017) – from WHO (World Health Organisation) Report on CBD (Cannabidiol)
Are CBD Oil Products Legal?
The complexity and lack of clarity on hemp laws in the United States is further complicated by differing local and state laws.
CBD products are generally legal further clarification has given us more insight into the direction the federal government is going.
The category of hemp can and will include CBD oil and any supplements or products created from it. Concentrating the Hemp Oil in order to purify the CBD can also cause complications where the THC is concentrated which can violate regulations. This needs to be taken into consideration when producing CBD oil and all Hemp Oils.
While CBD oil is regularly regarded as hemp for legal purposes, claiming or marketing or promoting CBD as a medicine or supplement can have many legal implications. This is in particular the case when CBD oil products make medical claims such as “treats medical-disorder abc” or that it may assist with a particular condition.
Take into close consideration any marketing claims that are made on you packaging or elsewhere. Do not make any claims that have not been FDA approved and confirmed. Always make sure the claim you are making has been studied thoroughly and is legally compliant.
How Safe are Cannabinoid Products?
Hemp derived products are generally regarded as safe for regular use.
A review by the WHO (World Health Organization) found that CBD was mostly safe without significant potential for abuse. Hemp derived products can often be used as an alternative to higher risk medications. Hemp derived cannabinoids can also be used as an additive to other pharmaceutical drugs. Consumers of hemp derived products should be aware of any interactions with other medications or allergies that Hemp Products could affect.
Ingredients in CBD Oil Products
Concentrated Cannabinoid Oil and a diluter such as coconut oil or olive oil are common ingredients for Hemp derived products. Often times manufacturers will also include flavoring and color additives.
CBD Oil Product Ingredients:
Diluent (examples: hemp seed oil, olive oil, or coconut oil)
Flavoring (examples: mint, cinnamon or orange)
Sweetener (examples: sugar, natural sweeteners such as Stevia or artificial sweeteners)
Coloring (used rarely)
Emulsifiers and absorption enhancers (to increase the bioavailability)
Types of CBD Oils
Cannabinoid Oils and Hemp Extracts come in many different types and can be used in many different products.
The most common Hemp and CBD oils are a result of ethanol or supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
The extraction is then further processed to further remove impurities and increase concentration of the desired molecules.
A loss of flavor via terpene loss can occur during this process. Many compounds are removed to purify the specific cannabinoid oil. Terpenes can mixed back into the Cannabinoid oil or kept removed from the mixture depending on the desired effect.
The immediate crude extract has a wide range of compounds. These compounds include:
The refined CBD oil is currently the most popular prospect for product use which comes from extraction and distillation of Hemp Oil.
Full Spectrum CBD Oil
One of the most popular end products is called Full Spectrum CBD Oil contains the widest range of cannabinoids and terpenes. Full spectrum CBD oil is often highly recommended and desired.
Some of the other cannabinoids which can be found in a full spectrum CBD oil include:
And many others in varying quantities (THCA, CBDA, CBGA, CBNCA, CBDVA etc)
“THC Free” CBD Oil
THC Free CBD Oil is also referred to as NDT (non-detectable) CBD oil. CBD oil may have the THC removed in order to being compliant with regulations and/or to remove unwanted psychoactive affects from THC.
CBD Oil by definition is not full spectrum if the THC has been removed. Sometimes NDT CBD Oil (THC removed) will still be referred to as full spectrum or broad spectrum CBD Oil. Most CBD Oil will have some level of THC. To remove 100% of the THC the CBD Isolate would be the product of choice.
Cannabinoid CBD Oil Distillate
CBD Distillate is distilled CBD oil. Distillation is one of the most effective and natural ways to refine and concentrate CBD. CBD Distillate is often the preferred CBD ingredients used in the manufacture of CBD oil products. Some CBD companies refer to their CBD distillate as “CBD Oil”, so the terms are used interchangeably.
Cannabinoid THC Free CBD Oil Distillate
“THC Free” CBD Oil or NDT (Non-detectable) CBD Oil above. THC removal is mostly accomplished through a combination of distillation and chromatography, therefore most of these products will be distillate.
Cannabinoid Broad Spectrum Hemp/CBD Oil
Broad Spectrum CBD Oil has become a popular term to describe either NDT/THC free oil, or more commonly, CBD oil that is particularly rich in other cannabinoids other than CBD and THC.
CBD Oil with THC removed but is sometimes referred to as Broad Spectrum CBD Oil. This term can also be used to describe an oil that is especially rich in multiple cannabinoids other than THC and CBD.
A CBD tincture is a dietary supplement that comes in liquid form and can have a potent cannabinoid content. Tinctures are created by steeping CBD-rich hemp flowers in solvent, then distilling that extraction.
Once the oil is ready, it’s commonly mixed with a sweet tasting carrier oil like orange or peppermint. On its own, it can be very bitter. The final product should be potent, with a very high CBD content and no more than 0.3% THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). Keep in mind that a CBD tincture varies greatly from a cannabis tincture, which has all the cannabinoids including THC. A CBD tincture will not be psychoactive, meaning it won't get you high.
Cannabinoid Oral Spray
CBD Oil Oral Spray delivers a metered portion of CBD into the mouth and throat, thereby permitting a rapid mucosal absorption and precise dosing.
The active constituents of CBD Oil Oral sprays are CBD Oil, a diluent such as alcohol and/or vegetable glycerin, a food-grade oil, flavor and other ingredients to improve mouth feel, flavor, and absorption.
Like tincture, CBD Oral sprays have the additional advantage of a built-in standard dosing pump that ensures that the same amount of dosage is released every time.
The only pharmaceutical-grade CBD drug, Epidiolex, makes use of this delivery method (however, it contains CBD isolate, instead of CBD oil.).
CBD Oil Capsules are hard capsules made up of two items that are joined together. There are various sizes of CBD Capsules and can come as 100mg of CBD or more. Common doses of CBD are 10mg, 25mg, 50mg and 100mg.
CBD Oil capsules allow the intake of reasonable amounts of CBD oil or powders, such as CBD isolate or water soluble powder.
Also, the capsules can be opened to put the contents on food or orally consumed.
CBD Oil Softgels, which are otherwise known as gelatine capsules, consist of CBD Oil and a diluent such as food-grade oil. CBD Softgels release an accurate dosage of CBD and are one of the easiest and most popular ways of taking CBD Oil. Softgels are particularly common among health professionals who are used to capsules and tablets as forms of dosage.
Softgels are also the best alternative for individuals who don’t like taking oral fluids or who don’t like the aroma or feeling of tinctures, such as kids or individuals who find it difficult to swallow or are sensitive to oil diluents.
CBD Softgels usually contain a moderate amount of CBD Oil such as 10 mg or 25 mg. They are generally well priced and serve as a familiar, accessible, and standard option for introducing CBD medicines or supplements.
Softgels are either made with gelatine (derived from animals) or from vegan alternatives. Also, they are either colored with colored gelatin or by the CBD oil inside.
CBD Oil Gummies are a common and tasty way of consuming CBD. CBD Oil Gummies ate a combination of an accurate dose of CBD Oil with a small, delicious gummy candy like a round gummy or gummy cube, and gummy bear.
Gummies are either made with animal gelatin or a vegan alternative and might be enhanced with sugar or a natural or artificial sweetener.
Gummies are the standard way of giving CBD to kids or other patients who dislike oral sprays, oil tinctures, or capsules.
Gummies usually contain low amounts of CBD, like 5mg, 10mg, or 25 mg.
Cannabinoid Vape Liquid
Another common way of consuming CBD is CBD Oil Vape Liquid or Vape.
Most CBD Vape products are made up of small doses of CBD Oil that is diluted in an e Liquid that contains Polyethylene Glycol (PG) and/or vegetable glycerin (VG) or similar diluents. These products are usually referred to as CBD Vape Juice or CBD e-Liquids. The CBD constituent of these products is usually low, and it’s more or less like a CBD tincture – i.e., 1% to 5% or even less.
Another form of CBD product used in vaping is CBD Vape Oil. These products are generally based on a CBD Oil concentrate like CBD Distillate and usually contain 50% CBD or more. These products are quite powerful but have the disadvantage of high concentrations of CBD crystallizing, particularly with repeated heating and cooling, which takes place in vape cartridges.
Let it be known that while CBD products are generally considered to be safe; care should be taken when vaping any eLiquid or other product which has unknown safety.
While vape products are usually regarded as recreational products, other products on this list are generally referred to as medicine, health, or wellness products.
Cannabinoid Water Soluble Powder
CBD Oil water soluble powders combine emulsifiers with a CBD oil and other substances which convert it to solid, powdered water-soluble/miscible form. In this form, CBD can easily be added to several kinds of foods and liquids so that it can be used for many functions and convenient dosing.
Also, water-miscible CBD is easily absorbed and might offer greater bioavailability compared to regular CBD oil.
Note: CBD Oil does not really dissolve in water. These products only allow CBD to mix with water, but usually separate out after standing, leaving a clear layer of oil floating on top of the water.
CBD Oil water soluble liquids mix a CBD Oil with emulsifiers and other substances in a liquid form that blends with water and other beverages.
Therefore, they are like water soluble powders but in a liquid form.
These can be orally taken or taken with foods or drinks for simple and convenient dosing.
CBD Oil Beverages like CBD Water use the same Water miscible CBD to provide a ready-made CBD infused beverages. These can either come already mixed or with a sachet or tablet, which is added before drinking.
Note that it is possible for the CBD to separate out; therefore, liquids should be shaken before drinking.
CBD water and beverages might not be stable when stored because they can be inactivated by UV light and other factors.
Cannabinoid Coffee & Tea
CBD Oil infused tea and coffee are a common new class of products that binds CBD Oil (or a water-miscible CBD product) with a com beverage.
CBD infused coffee is usually sold as single-use coffee pods with each one containing a small amount (e.g., 10mg) of CBD.
CBD powders and liquids can likewise be added to normal coffee or tea after brewing.
CBD Oil Creams binds a cream or lotion (like the sorbolene cream) with CBD oil, thereby enabling it to be massaged into the skin or applied to a portion of the body. They are a topical product used in treating skin conditions like acne, and for treating local injuries muscle pain or sprains. Specific products are also available for joint and muscle pain (salves and muscle rubs).
Generally, CBD oil creams contain moderate amounts of CBD (For instance, 1-2%) and are rubbed into the skin on the selected portion.
CBD Lotions are like CBD Creams but lighter, and usually have lower levels of CBD.
Some types of CBD oil topical products are absorbed centrally, while others have more local effects. A good understanding of the condition that is being treated and the constituents will affect how much of the CBD that is absorbed into the body.
CBD Oil salves are another group of topical products that are used locally to treat the skin or associated sores. It can either be in the form of an ointment, balm, or cream. They are made with waxes and oils to create a semi-solid substance. Salves are usually made up of other herbal ingredients or beeswax, which give it a unique scent and a semi-solid form.
Cannabinoid Muscle Rubs
The constituents of CBD Oil Muscle Rubs or liniments are CBD Oil and a liniment or rubbing alcohol, and they are used before, during or after exercise or injury to enhance recovery. Muscle rubs usually consist of camphor, menthol, or other ingredients that have therapeutic benefits that activate blood flow and a sense of heating or cooling.
CBD Oil Cosmetics are generally becoming popular. Examples include lip balm, sunscreen, CBD may provide local benefits in some cases; however, it is usually used as a novelty ingredient which probably is not going to provide therapeutic benefit. As a current “fad” ingredient, it possible that we’ll see numerous beauty products containing CBD throughout the next few years.
CBD Oil toiletries include items like soaps, bath bombs, shaving creams, body washes and other products. Some of these products will function in a similar way like CBD creams and provide a topical (skin only) result and might be absorbed in some cases. A large portion of the CBD will probably not be absorbed and therefore, function primarily as a novelty ingredient.
CBD Oils normally contain other ingredients apart from CBD like terpenes, a large number of which have lovely scents or topical and aroma based treatment effects, therefore, there can be feel-good effects from hemp CBD oil used in toiletries if it happens that all the CBD is not absorbed to produce remedial benefits.